Basic details about cholera, its mode of transmission, symptoms, and precautions

You might have often heard, especially in cases of natural calamity, flash floods, cyclone or thunderstorms involving large-scale loss of lives or property, the first thing that the local administration would do is to take preventive measures to arrest the spread of cholera.

Cholera, thus, is a common communicable disease that spreads to other unaffected persons, primarily through the feces. Feces refer to the stool or other waste material excreted by the people and if any person comes into contact either directly with feces or food contaminated with feces, then there is every possibility that the person would get cholera. Maintaining better hygiene and better maintenance of urinals or toilets is the best way to eliminate the risk of this disease.

As stated earlier, the primary breeding ground for this communicable disease is nothing but the feces. In a natural calamity, such as floods, or thunderstorms, the possibility of the local drainage system getting mixed with the flowing water or stagnant water is much more and the risk of this disease spreading to people on contact is much more.

This virus called cholera gets uninvited entry to the body of a person through the mouth to the intestines.

Normally, the incubation period for the cholera virus to spread across the body from the intestine ranges between a few hours to as much as 5 days.

This is not a very serious disease that requires the patient to be isolated from the other persons. However, one has to ensure that he or she, affected by the cholera, does take adequate enteric precautions such that the virus is not spread to other persons.

If one were to avoid this common disease of cholera, he or she should maintain a good hygiene and also stay away from polluted or contaminated places. Not only calamities, but even improper hygiene and/or any contact with water or food contaminated with feces might lead to this disease.

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