A certified nursing assistant, or simply, a CNA, is the person who stays near to the patient and takes care of all the necessities of the patient. It is the responsibility of the CNA to do all that is required to ensure that the patient returns to normal state, as he or she was before getting affected with the ailment or health-related problem, and can support himself or herself without the assistance of another person.
The CNA normally works under the supervision of a Registered Nurse or RN and follows the instructions of the RN in ensuring speedy recovery of the patient.
The primary responsibility of the CNA is to take personal care of the patient. It includes, among others, bathing the patient, toileting the patient, dressing the patient as well as grooming the patient, depending upon the state of the patient and the inability or inconvenience to the patient in doing these activities without nurse’s assistance. It is also the responsibility of the CNA to ensure that the place around the patient is very clean, with good atmosphere, ample sunlight, and healthy surroundings.
The nurse should not only ensure that the patient and the surroundings around the patient are clean with good sunlight, ample air and healthy atmosphere, but also monitor the condition of the patient at frequent intervals as may be required, depending upon the nature of the ailment. The nurse has to make note of the important readings such as the B/P level, temperature level etc., at frequent intervals and report to the Registered Nurse.
The readings of the patient at frequent intervals are very essential to monitor and assess the level of improvement and/or deterioration in the condition of the patient and take remedial measures as may be needed. A considerable improvement in the situation might warrant the RN or the doctor to consider lowering the dosage of the medication and/or discontinuing the same. If there is no improvement of deterioration, the doctor might also consider revising the medication or increase the dosage or frequency of the medication to ensure speedy recovery of the patient from the ailment.
Thus, it becomes imperative on the part of the nurse attending the patient to have a close watch on the patient’s state of health and report to the RN at the earliest possible time.
The CNA has a very important role in extending moral and emotional support to the patient and the families of the patient. It is this nurse who stands behind the patient through the turbulent period of recovery from the disease or ailment. The nurse should be compassionate enough and say encouraging words with a smiling face to the patient and make him or her feel good and also confident that the ailment or the disease can be cured well and quickly.
Despite the best of medications and treatment, self-confidence and courage are essential things that a patient should display when faced with an ailment or disease. Sometimes a disease might demoralize a person and make him a patient and no better medicine can cure if he or she is totally upset or demoralized. It is the duty of the nurse to convert a patient to a person and make him or her return to the normal state as he or she was before becoming a patient.