The vital signs for a person or a patient approaching a physician for treatment are the temperature, pulse reading, respiration, and blood pressure.
It is the primary responsibility of a certified nursing assistant or a qualified nurse to check for these vital signs under the supervision of the physician to assess these vital signs periodically.
More specifically, the vital signs need to be checked and assessed in the following circumstances:
1. The first time the vital signs are assessed by a nurse was when the patient approached the doctor with some sort of ailment, or when the patient is instructed to get admitted to the hospital for diagnosis and treatment.
2. Whenever the physician attending on the patient wants the vital signs to be assessed; in other words, vital signs should be assessed when instructed to do so.
3. When there occurs any major or minor change in the health status of a patient admitted for treatment;
4. Whenever the patient complaints of some unusual or abnormal sensations, or sudden onset of chest pain
5. Before administering pre-operative medications
6. After administering pre-operative medications.
7. After completion of certain invasive diagnostic procedures as might be warranted.
8. After completion of surgery
9. Before administration of blood or other medications that might have an impact on the cardio vascular system in the body
10. After completing blood infusion and other medications, especially that that might have an cardiovascular system
11. Before administration of blood or other medications that might have an impact on the respiratory system in the body
12. After completing blood infusion and other medications, especially that could have an impact on the respiratory system
13. Before any innovative or new means of nursing intervention that might help in treating the patient in a better manner
14. After trying any new nursing intervention, primarily to cure patient.
You might see from the above that assessing the vital signs is one of the essential functions of a certified nursing assistant and also a very important one.